Skip to main content

Niederaltaich, Abbey of

NIEDERALTAICH, ABBEY OF

In the Bavarian Benedictine Congregation, Diocese of Passau; on the left bank of the Danube near the mouth of the Isar. Since the 12th century it has been called Altaha inferior to distinguish it from the nearby Abbey of Oberaltaich (Altaha superior ). The Agilulfinger dukes founded it before 750 and settled it with monks from reichenau, who brought with them the Burgundian cult of St. maurice, patron of the church. Niederaltaich colonized and evangelized the Bavarian forest, Bohemia, Moravia, and Hungary, settling kremsmÜnster (777). Ruined by the Hungarian wars, it was reduced to a group of canons by 1000. Bishops pilgrim of passau and wolfgang of regensburg included it in the gorze-trier regensburg reform. Under St. godard (d. 1038), later bishop of Hildesheim, Niederaltaich headed a reform, settling or reviving tegernsee, hersfeld, Ossiach, Bakonybel, Ostrow (St. Iwan), Brevnov, and Olomouc (Olmütz). St. Günther was a missionary and colonizer, and Bl. Richer became abbot of Monte Cassino; Judith was one of several women recluses at Niederaltaich. The abbey lost its free imperial status (8571156) in the investiture controversy and was put under the bishop of Bamberg. Abbot Herman (124273), compiler of the Annales Altahenses, restored the abbey to its former prestige. Eight of Niederaltaich's monks were requested as abbots at a time when the old religious orders were in decline. Rebuilt after the ruin of the Thirty Years' War, the abbey was destroyed with its library in fires (1659, 1671). Abbot Joscio Hamberger (170039) revived it and had the baroque church built. The abbey was secularized (1803) but resettled from metten (1918) and united to the Priory of Innsbruck-Volders (1927) before it became an abbey again (1930). Its Ecumenical Institute has a leading role in the ecumenical movement.

Bibliography: g. lang, Die Heiligen und Seligen von Niederaltaich (Metten 1941). r. bauerreiss, Lexikon für Theologie und Kirche, ed. j. hofer and k. rahner, 10 v. (2d, new ed. Freiburg 195765) 7:950951.

[e. m. heufelder]

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Niederaltaich, Abbey of." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . Encyclopedia.com. 11 Dec. 2018 <https://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Niederaltaich, Abbey of." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . Encyclopedia.com. (December 11, 2018). https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/niederaltaich-abbey

"Niederaltaich, Abbey of." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . Retrieved December 11, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/niederaltaich-abbey

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.