Skip to main content



City of the second province of Cilicia, on the Pyramos River, at present-day Misis. Its name means hearth (or shrine) of Mopsos, a legendary seer who was believed to have been its founder. It was an episcopal see early in the 4th century, suffragan of Anazarbos, under the patriarch of Antioch. Its most famous bishop was theodore of mopsuestia (392428), outstanding representative of the Antiochene school of theology and exegesis, who was condemned for heresy 125 years after his death by the Council of constantinople ii (553). On orders of the emperor Justinian, a provincial synod had been held at Mopsuestia on June 17, 550, at which the oldest of the clergy and laity declared under oath that in their lifetime Theodore's name had always been replaced on the diptychs of the church by the name Cyril, whom they under-stood to be cyril of alexandria (Sacrorum Conciliorum nova et amplissima collectio, 9:274289; Histoire des conciles d'après les documents originaux, 3.1:3840). Mopsuestia became a metropolitan see in 879; from 1079 to 1224 (when it was known as Mamistra) it had Latin archbishops; it is now a titular archbishopric.

Bibliography: p. camelot, Lexikon für Theologie und Kirche, ed. j. hofer and k. rahner, 10 v. (2d, new ed. Freiburg 195765) 7:596. m. le quien, Oriens Christianus, 3 v. (Paris 1740; repr. Graz 1958) 2:889894; 3:11971200. w. ruge, Paulys Realenzyklopädie der klassischen Altertumswissenschaft, ed. g. wissowa et al. 16.1 (1933) 243250. v. schultze, Altchristliche Städte und Landschaften, v. 2.2 (Gütersloh 1926) 305315.

[f. a. sullivan]

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Mopsuestia." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . 23 Jan. 2019 <>.

"Mopsuestia." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . (January 23, 2019).

"Mopsuestia." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . Retrieved January 23, 2019 from

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

The Chicago Manual of Style

American Psychological Association

  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.