Martiall, John (Marshall)

views updated


Controversialist; b. Daylesford, Worchestershire, 1534; d. Lille, France, April 3, 1597. He was educated at Winchester and at New College, Oxford, where he graduated as a bachelor of civil law in 1556. He left a teaching post at Winchester in 1560 and joined the group of English religious exiles studying at Louvain. He dedicated his Treatise of the Cross (Antwerp 1564) to Queen Elizabeth, who retained a crucifix in the royal chapel. Martiall wrote a reply to James Calfhill's attack on his work (Louvain 1566) and was corrector for the press of Thomas Harding's Answer to Jewell's Challenge (1566). He later received a bachelor of divinity degree at douai (1568), and was one of the group of scholars william allen gathered there for the English College. But Martiall, always pressed for funds, returned to Louvain. His financial distress was relieved when Owen Lewis obtained for him a canonry in Lille. Because of civil disturbances in Flanders, however, he was not installed in the canonry till 1579. Little is known of his later life.

Bibliography: j. gillow A Literary and Biographical History or Bibliographical Dictionary of the English Catholics from 1534 to the Present Time 4:476479. a. c. southern, Elizabethan Recusant Prose, 15591582 (London 1950).

[t. h. clancy]