Fifth-century Latin polemicist; b. probably Africa; d. probably Thrace, after 431. Marius Mercator, known only through his writings and translations, was a friend of St. augustine, to whom he sent, apparently from Rome, two anti-Pelagian tracts (now lost) in 418. He seems to have visited Constantinople and joined a Latin community of monks in Thrace. During the Nestorian troubles in 431 he composed another work against pelagius and supplied his monks with several tracts and translations in reference to both Pelagianism and nestorianism. His theological knowledge reflects that of St. cyril of alexandria and St. Augustine, and his contribution consisted in making Augustine's position known in the East while supplying the West with translations of Nestorius's sermons. His known writings are preserved in the so-called Collectio Palatina (ed. E. Schwartz, Act-Con Oec 1.5:5–70), published by a Scythian monk after 533. They include the Commonitorium super nomine Caelestii (Greek version 429, Latin 431); Commonitorium contra Pelagium, Caelestium et Julianum; the translations of four anti-Pelagian sermons of Nestorius together with the latter's Letter to Caelestius; the Refutatio symboli Theodori Mopsuestii; the Comparatio dogmatum Pauli Samosateni et Nestorii; and translations of five sermons of Nestorius on the theotokos and of excerpts made by St. Cyril from the writings of Nestorius.
Bibliography: k. baus, Lexikon für Theologie und Kirche 2 7:89. w. eltester, Paulys Realenzyklopädie der Klassischen Alter-tumswissenschaft 14.2 (1930) 1831–35. É. amann, Dictionnaire de théologie catholique 9.2:2481–85. Altaner 534–535. a. lepka, "L'Originalité des répliques de Marius Mercator à Julien d'Éclane," Revue d'histoire ecclésiastique 27 (1931) 572–579. s. prete, Mario Mercatore (Turin 1958).
[f. x. murphy]
"Marius Mercator." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . Encyclopedia.com. (September 21, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/marius-mercator
"Marius Mercator." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . Retrieved September 21, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/marius-mercator
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.