Skip to main content

Luke, Evangelist, St.

LUKE, EVANGELIST, ST.

St. Luke is called by St. Paul, "our most dear physician" (Col 4.14), a description that the vocabulary of the third Gospel and of Acts seems to justify. Luke's medical terms, however, may have been those familiar to any educated man of the period. Paul also calls Luke a fellow worker in Philemon 24. In 2 Tm 4.11 Luke is Paul's only companion shortly before the Apostle's death. These are the only times Luke is mentioned in the NT.

Early Christian tradition identifies him as the author of the third Gospel and the Acts. Luke was a Greekspeaking convert of pagan origin (cf. Col 4.11b with Col4.14). He was not himself an eyewitness of what he writes (Lk 1.2) and, therefore, not one of the 72 Disciples (Lk 10.1), nor Cleophas's unnamed companion on the road to emmaus (Lk 24.8). From the "we sections" of the acts of the apostles, we may conclude that he first met St. Paul at Troas (16.10), rejoined him at philippi some years later (20.5), accompanied him to Jerusalem

(21.118), and remained with the Apostle during his imprisonment in caesarea in palestine, and Rome (Acts 27.128.16).

According to the anti-Marcionite prologue (a.d. 160180), Luke never married, and lived to the age of 84. After his death in Achaia (or Bithynia or Egypt), his bones were transferred to Constantinople.

In Christian iconography, St. Luke, portrayed either as a man, or a writer, or an ox, appears frequently on various sacred artifacts. The symbol of an ox (Ez 10.14; Ap4.7), most frequently used for Luke, may have been applied to him because of his calm and strength, or because his Gospel begins and ends in the Temple.

Feast: Oct. 18.

[r. t. a. murphy]

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Luke, Evangelist, St.." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . Encyclopedia.com. 19 Sep. 2018 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Luke, Evangelist, St.." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . Encyclopedia.com. (September 19, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/luke-evangelist-st

"Luke, Evangelist, St.." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . Retrieved September 19, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/luke-evangelist-st

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.