Skip to main content

Lothar, Ernst

LOTHAR, ERNST

LOTHAR, ERNST (pseudonym of Ernst Lothar Mueller ; 1890–1974), Austrian novelist, author, and stage director. Lothar was born in Bruenn and after studying law entered the Austrian civil service and became state attorney and counsellor at the Ministry of Trade. After World War i Lothar was the theater critic of the Viennese Neue Freie Presse and in 1935 he succeeded Max Reinhardt as director of Vienna's "Theater in der Josefstadt." He also staged a number of plays at the Salzburg festivals.

Although he converted to Catholicism and was at pains to sever all connections with Judaism and the Jewish community, Lothar was forced in 1938 to resign his post and leave Austria. He eventually immigrated to the U.S. and became professor of comparative literature at Colorado College. In 1946 he returned to Vienna as theater and music officer in the U.S. army of occupation. He later again became a stage director in Vienna. Lothar was a prolific and versatile writer. His works include the novels Der Feldherr (1918), Der Hellseher (1929; The Clairvoyant, 1931), and a trilogy entitled Macht ueber alle Menschen (1921–25). His most famous work in this genre, Der Engel mit der Posaune (1945, and frequently republished), was first published in English as The Angel with the Trumpet (1944); it deals with the problem of the Jewish wife in several generations of a non-Jewish family. Unter anderer Sonne (1961; first published in English as Beneath Another Sun, 1943) was an American best seller. Lothar's autobiography, Das Wunder des Ueberlebens (1960), deals largely with his years in exile.

bibliography:

J.W. Nagl and J. Zeidler, Deutsch-Oesterreichische Literaturgeschichte, 4 (1937), 1377. add. bibliography: D.G. Daviau and J.B. Johns, "Ernst Lothar," in: J.M. Spalek and J.P. Strelka (eds.), Deutschsprachige Exilliteratur seit 1933, 2 (1989), 520–53; idem, "Ernst Lothar," in: J. Holzner (ed.), Eine schwierige Heimkehr (1991), 323–352; J.P. Strelka, "Ernst Lothar," in: I. Fialová-Fürstová (ed.), Maehrische deutschsprachige Literatur (1999), 202–214; idem, "Ernst Lothar," in: Germanoslavica, 7 (2000), 87–100; J. Thunecke, "Bucina Angelica" oder was fuer ein Schmarren? Ernst Lothars "Der Engel mit der Posaune" (1948); "Roman und Film – ein Vergleich," in: Das Maerchen vom Glueck, in: Maske und Kothurn, 46:1 (Oesterreichischer Film in der Besatzungszeit, 2001), 83–90; idem, "'Es gibt keinen Kompromiss mit dem Unrecht.' Ernst Lothars Exilroman 'Die Zeugin. Pariser Tagebuch einer Wienerin,'" in: A. Saint Sauveur-Henn (ed.), Fluchtziel Paris (2002), 288–297.

[Samuel L. Sumberg]

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Lothar, Ernst." Encyclopaedia Judaica. . Encyclopedia.com. 13 Nov. 2018 <https://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Lothar, Ernst." Encyclopaedia Judaica. . Encyclopedia.com. (November 13, 2018). https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/lothar-ernst

"Lothar, Ernst." Encyclopaedia Judaica. . Retrieved November 13, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/lothar-ernst

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.