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Lobo, Duarte


Prominent Portuguese composer; b. Alentejo (?), c. 1563; d. Lisbon, Sept. 24, 1646. As a choirboy studying in Évora cathedral with Manuel Mendes, he attracted the attention of Cardinal Henry (archbishop 157476), brother of King João III. After serving as chapelmaster for the Hospital Real in Lisbon, he was Lisbon cathedral chapel-master from c. 1594 until his death. During his later years, he was also rector of the Seminário de São Bartolomeu in Lisbon. His numerous pupils included such erudite theorists as António Fernandes (Arte de Musica, Lisbon 1626) and João Álvares Frovo; but his own works published at AntwerpNatalitiae noctis Responsoria (1602), Magnificat (1605), and books of Masses (1621 and 1639)indicate less learning than the liturgical collections of Francisco Garro (1609) and Manuel Cardoso (1613, 1621, 1636, 1648). The spread of Lobo's fame is attested by copies, both manuscript and printed, of his works found at Seville and Mexico City cathedrals. Alonso Lobe, sometimes confused with Duarte, was a Spanish contemporary (b. Osuna, c. 1555; d. Seville, April 5,1617) who published Liber primus missarum at Madrid (1602) and was chapelmaster at Toledo (15931604) and Seville (160417).

Bibliography: m. de sampayo ribeiro, Die Musik in Geschichte und Gegenwart, ed. f. blume (Kassel-Basel 1949) 8:107374. m. joaquim, Vinte livros de música polifónica (Lisbon 1953) 5759. g. bourligueux, "Duarte Lobo" in The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians, vol. 11, ed. s. sadie (New York 1980) 102103. d. m. randel, ed., The Harvard Biographical Dictionary of Music (Cambridge 1996) 512. n. slonimsky, ed. Baker's Biographical Dictionary of Musicians, 8th ed. (New York 1992) 1072.

[r. stevenson]

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