KOZER, JOSÉ (1940– ), Cuban poet, essayist, and translator, born in La Havana of Jewish East European parents. He left Cuba in 1960, lived in the U.S. and Spain, and ultimately settled in Florida. He taught Spanish and Latin American literatures for 32 years at Queens College, n.y. His poetry centers on his existential condition as a Jew and an exile, from which he strives towards a universal spiritual unity for the individual and mankind as a whole. It includes references to his ancestors and Jewish tradition as well as Christian and Oriental religious imagery. Kozer's poetry has been translated into English, Portuguese, French, Italian, German, Hebrew, and Greek and has been widely anthologized. Among his books are La rueca de los semblantes ("The Spinning Wheel of Faces," 1980); Bajo este cien ("Under This One-Hundred," 1983); La garza sin sombras ("The Shadeless Heron," 1985); Carece de causa ("Lacking a Cause," 1988); De donde oscilan los seres en sus proporciones ("From Where Beings Oscillate in Their Proportions," 1990); et mutabile ("and mutating," 1995); Dípticos ("Diptychs," 1998); Farándula ("Show Business," 1999); Mezcla para dos tiempos ("Mixture for Two Times," prose, 1999); No buscan reflejarse ("They Do Not Try To Be Reflected," 2001); Ánima ("Soul," 2002).
R. DiAntonio and N. Glickman, Tradition and Innovation: Reflections on Latin American Jewish Writing (1993); D.B. Lockhart, Jewish Writers of Latin America. A Dictionary (1997); G. Pérez Firmat, Life on the Hyphen: The Cuban-American Way (1994); J. Sefamí, La voracidad grafómana: José Kozer. Crítica, entrevistas y documentos (2002).
[Florinda F. Goldberg (2nd ed.)]
"Kozer, José." Encyclopaedia Judaica. . Encyclopedia.com. (December 19, 2018). https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/kozer-jose
"Kozer, José." Encyclopaedia Judaica. . Retrieved December 19, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/kozer-jose
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.