Skip to main content

Kirsch, Johann Peter

KIRSCH, JOHANN PETER

Church historian, archeologist, and pioneer in the history of papal finances; b. Dippach, Luxemburg, Nov. 3, 1861; d. Rome, Feb. 4, 1941. Kirsch made his seminary studies and was ordained in Luxemburg in 1884. In residence at the Campo Teutonico, Rome, from 1884 to 1890, he came under the influence of G. B. de rossi, J. hergenrÖther, H. S. denifle, F. X. kraus, and P. Battifol;

and in 1888 he became director of the Institut der Görresgesellschaft. Professor of patrology and Christian archeology at Fribourg from 1890 to 1932, he was named rector of Istituto Pontificio di Archeologia Cristiana at Rome by Pius XI in 1926, and a prothonotary apostolic in 1932.

In his scholarly activity he specialized in methodical research and provided a deeper understanding of the Reformation through his Die Finanzverwaltung des Kardinalkollegiums im XIII. und XIV. Jahrhundert (Münster 1895) and Die päpstlichen Kollectorien in Deutschland während des XIV. Jahrhunderts (Paderborn 1894). He was editor of the fourth to sixth editions of Hergenröther's Handbuch der allgemeinen Kirchengeschichte, and he joined with Bigelmair, Greven, and Veit in publishing a new church history (4 v. Freiburg 193049). He was coeditor with A. Ehrhard of Forschungen zur christlichen Literatur-und Dogmengeschichte from 1900. He investigated early Christian places of worship, especially in their relation to the liturgy, published Die römischen Titelkirchen (Paderborn 1918), Der stadtrömische christliche Festkalender im Altertum (Münster 1924), Die Stationskirchen des Missale Romanum (Freiburg 1926), and contributed 249 articles to the Catholic Encyclopedia.

Bibliography: o. perler, Zeitschrift für Kirchengeschichte 35 (1941) 13. j. sauer, Historisches Jahrbuch der GörresGesellschaft 61 (1941) 467474. g. belvederi, Rivista di archeologia cristiana 18 (1941) 721. e. molitor, Mgr. J. P. Kirsch (Luxembourg 1956). The Catholic Encyclopedia and its Makers (New York 1917) 9293.

[e. molitor]

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Kirsch, Johann Peter." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . Encyclopedia.com. 26 Sep. 2018 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Kirsch, Johann Peter." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . Encyclopedia.com. (September 26, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/kirsch-johann-peter

"Kirsch, Johann Peter." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . Retrieved September 26, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/kirsch-johann-peter

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.