Kilwinning, Abbey of
KILWINNING, ABBEY OF
Former Benedictine monastery of the Tironian congregation (see tiron, abbey of) at Kilwinning, Ayrshire, within the Diocese of Galloway, Scotland. The identity of the founder and the date of foundation remain obscure. Kilwinning (Kylwynnyn and other variants) was long thought to have been founded by Hugh de Moreville in 1140, but recent evidence points rather to his son Richard's having founded it sometime between 1162 and 1189. Records mention the church of St. Vinin or Wynnin there in 1184 (Kilwinning itself meaning the "cell or church of Wynnin"), but the first reference to it as an abbey is dated 1202–07. Kilwinning, a daughterhouse of Kelso Abbey, was well endowed by private and royal benefactors, and judging by its fine remains, must have been one of the most graceful and impressive abbeys in the country by the mid-13th century. It was largely destroyed by Reformers in 1561 and was erected into a free barony for William Melville in 1592. It is now a ruin.
Bibliography: w. macleod, "Collections Towards a History of the Abbey of K.," Archaeological and Historical Collections Relating to the Counties of Ayr and Wigton, 1 (1878) 115–222. d.e. easson, Medieval Religious Houses: Scotland (London 1957) 59. g. w. s. barrow, "From Queen Margaret to David I: Benedictines and Tironians," Innes Review, 11 (1960) 22–38.
"Kilwinning, Abbey of." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . Encyclopedia.com. (December 12, 2018). https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/kilwinning-abbey
"Kilwinning, Abbey of." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . Retrieved December 12, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/kilwinning-abbey
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.