Ancient exegete and Quaestor Sacri Palatii under the Emperor Justinian I in the years a.d. 541 to 549. Birth and death dates are unknown, although it seems certain that he died before a.d. 550. An African, he entered the imperial service and rose to one of the highest offices. How he acquired a considerable knowledge of theology and Scripture is not indicated in the scanty sources available on his life and work. His friend, Primasius, Bishop of Hadrumentum, having learned through him of the existence of an introduction to scriptural exegesis composed in Greek by the Persian Paul, who had been trained at the Syrian School of nisibis, urged Junilius to translate the work into Latin. His Instituta regularia divinae legis, in two books and cast in dialogue form, is a free translation or adaptation of the original Greek. The work reflects essentially the method of exegesis and general outlook of theodore of mopsuestia, but its Nestorian tendencies have been exaggerated. Cassiodorus mentions Junilius's "Introduction" with praise in his Institutes (1.10), and the work had considerable influence in the early Middle Ages.
Bibliography: h. kihn, Theodor von Mopsuestia und Junilius Africanus als Exegeten (Freiburg 1880); this work contains a critical text of the Instituta. o. bardenhewer, Geschichte der altkirchlichen Literatur (Freiburg 1913–32) 5:334–336. l. pirot, Dictionnaire de théologie catholique, ed. a. vacant et al. (Paris 1903–50) 8.2:1971–76. e. stein, "Deux questions de Justinien et l'empioi des langues dans ses novelles," Bull. Acad. Roy. de Belgique (Lettres) 23 (1937) 365–390. m. l. w. laistner, "Antiochene Exegesis in Western Europe during the Middle Ages," Harvard Theological Review 40 (1947) 19–31.
[m. r. p. mcguire]
"Junilius Africanus." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . Encyclopedia.com. (October 15, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/junilius-africanus
"Junilius Africanus." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . Retrieved October 15, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/junilius-africanus
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.