ISRAEL, JONATHAN (1946– ), British historian. Professor of Dutch history and institutions at University College, London, Israel became one of the best-known contemporary historians of Jewish and world history during the mercantilist period (c. 1550–1750). His work centers on the Netherlands and its trading empire and on the role of the Jews in mercantilism. His best-known books include European Jewry in the Age of Mercantilism, 1550 – 1750 (1989) and The Dutch Republic: Its Rise, Greatness, and Fall, 1477 – 1806 (1996). From 1990 he was editor of the Littman Library of Jewish Civilization.
[William D. Rubinstein (2nd ed.)]