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Haynald, Ludwig


Cardinal; b. Szécsény, Hungary, Nov. 3, 1816; d. Kalocsa, Hungary, July 4,1891. After studies in Budapest and Vienna he was ordained (1839), taught law and ecclesiastical history, and then acted as secretary to Abp. József Kopácsy of Esztergom (184549). In 1851 he became coadjutor bishop, and in 1852 bishop of Alba Iulia in Transylvania. The separation of Transylvania from Hungary, which was then in force, brought Haynald into conflict with the Hungarian government. He had to resign his see and leave the country (1861). When the political situation in Hungary changed, Haynald was recalled from his Roman exile and named archbishop of Kalocsa (1867). At vatican council i Haynald was a leading opponent of the definition of papal infallibility. He wanted to cast a negative vote in the final ballot "in the sight of pope, kings, peoples, and of the future." On the day of the definition, however, he submitted to the council's decision. Haynald was a zealous bishop and a promoter of education and sciences, especially of his favorite science, botany, which he himself studied.

Bibliography: l. tÓth, "Le Cardinale Haynald," Nouvelle Revue de Hongrie 64 (1941) 1119. t. v. bogyay, Lexikon für Theologie und Kirche, ed. j. hofer and k. rahner, 10 v. (2d, new ed. Freiburg 195765) 5:42. e. c. butler, The Vatican Council, 18691870, 2 v. (New York 1930).

[f. maass]

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