Cardinal; b. Szécsény, Hungary, Nov. 3, 1816; d. Kalocsa, Hungary, July 4,1891. After studies in Budapest and Vienna he was ordained (1839), taught law and ecclesiastical history, and then acted as secretary to Abp. József Kopácsy of Esztergom (1845–49). In 1851 he became coadjutor bishop, and in 1852 bishop of Alba Iulia in Transylvania. The separation of Transylvania from Hungary, which was then in force, brought Haynald into conflict with the Hungarian government. He had to resign his see and leave the country (1861). When the political situation in Hungary changed, Haynald was recalled from his Roman exile and named archbishop of Kalocsa (1867). At vatican council i Haynald was a leading opponent of the definition of papal infallibility. He wanted to cast a negative vote in the final ballot "in the sight of pope, kings, peoples, and of the future." On the day of the definition, however, he submitted to the council's decision. Haynald was a zealous bishop and a promoter of education and sciences, especially of his favorite science, botany, which he himself studied.
Bibliography: l. tÓth, "Le Cardinale Haynald," Nouvelle Revue de Hongrie 64 (1941) 11–19. t. v. bogyay, Lexikon für Theologie und Kirche, ed. j. hofer and k. rahner, 10 v. (2d, new ed. Freiburg 1957–65) 5:42. e. c. butler, The Vatican Council, 1869–1870, 2 v. (New York 1930).
"Haynald, Ludwig." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . Encyclopedia.com. (October 23, 2018). https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/haynald-ludwig
"Haynald, Ludwig." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . Retrieved October 23, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/haynald-ludwig
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.