Skip to main content

Habermann, Abraham Meir


HABERMANN, ABRAHAM MEIR (1901–1980), bibliographer and scholar of medieval Hebrew literature. Born at Zurawno (Galicia), Habermann from 1928 was librarian at the Schocken Library in Berlin. He immigrated to Palestine in 1934 and served as director of the Schocken Library in Jerusalem until 1967. From 1957 he taught medieval literature at Tel Aviv University (professor, 1969) and taught at the Graduate Library School of the Hebrew University. He was editor of the department of bibliography (Jewish printers) for the Encyclopaedia Hebraica and the department of medieval Hebrew poetry for the first edition of the Encyclopaedia Judaica. Habermann began his study of medieval literature in 1925, specializing in the Ashkenazi piyyut from the time of R. Ephraim ben Jacob of Bonn. A prolific writer, his books include Ha-Madpisim Benei Soncino (1933): Gevilim; Me'ah Sippurei Aggadah (1942); Ha-Genizah (1944); Toledot ha-Sefer ha-Ivri (1945); Ha-Piyyut (1946); Ateret Renanim, piyyutim and songs for Sabbath and festivals (1967); Ha-Sefer ha-Ivri be-Hitpatteḥuto (1968); Sha'arei Sefarim Ivriyyim (1969); and Toledot ha-Piyyut ve-ha-Shirah (1970), which is the first attempt at a survey of the history of Hebrew piyyut and poetry and its development in various cultural centers from post-biblical times to the Haskalah period. Habermann edited and compiled such diverse medieval works as: Piyyutei Rashi (1941); Seliḥot u-Fizmonim of R. Gershom Me'or ha-Golah (1944; new printing, 2004); Gezerot Ashkenaz ve-Ẓarefat (1946); Niẓoẓot Ge'ullah, an anthology of redemption and messianism (1949); Maḥberot Immanu'el ha-Romi (1950); Even Boḥan of Kalonymus ben Kalonymus (1956); Studies of the Dead Sea Scrolls, Edah ve-Edut (1952), and Megillot Midbar Yehudah (1959). Shortly after his death, the Habermann Institute for Literary Research was created in Lod (Lydda), Israel. In 1983 Z. Malachi published Yad le-Heman, a memorial volume in his honor.


Kressel, Leksikon, 1 (1965), 568f.

[Yehoshua Horowitz]

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Habermann, Abraham Meir." Encyclopaedia Judaica. . 18 Apr. 2019 <>.

"Habermann, Abraham Meir." Encyclopaedia Judaica. . (April 18, 2019).

"Habermann, Abraham Meir." Encyclopaedia Judaica. . Retrieved April 18, 2019 from

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

The Chicago Manual of Style

American Psychological Association

  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.