Gukovsky, Grigory Aleksandrovich
GUKOVSKY, GRIGORY ALEKSANDROVICH
GUKOVSKY, GRIGORY ALEKSANDROVICH (1902–1950), Russian literary scholar. Born in St. Petersburg into a Jewish family which had converted to Lutheranism, he graduated from the faculty of social sciences of Petrograd University in 1923. He worked at the Leningrad Institute of the History of Arts from the mid-1920s until 1929 and at the Institute of the Comparative History of Literature and Languages of the West and East associated with Leningrad University. In his scientific interests Gukovsky was close to the so-called "formal method." His works established the bases for the contemporary study of Russian literature of the 18th century. He wrote on the ideas of the Enlightenment and sentimentalism (Orcherki po istorii russkoy literatury i obshchestvennoy mysli 18 veka ["Essays on the History of Russian Literature and Social Thought of the 18th Century," 1938]), on romanticism (Pushkin i russkie romantiki ["Pushkin and Russian Romantics," 1946]), and on realism (Pushkin i problemy realisticheskogo stilya ["Pushkin and Problems of Realistic Style," 1979]), Realizm Gogolya ["The Realism of Gogol," 1959]). Gukovsky was a pioneer of contemporary structural typology. While professor at Leningrad University (1936–49), he educated a whole constellation of Soviet literary scholars (Yu. M. Lotman, I.Z. Serman, and many others). In July 1949 Gukovsky and his brother Matvey (1898–1971), a historian of the Italian Renaissance and professor at Leningrad University, were arrested as "cosmopolitans." Gukovsky died under investigations in the kgb Lubyanka prison in Moscow.
Gukovsky's daughter, dolinina natal'ya grigor'ev na (1928–1980), was a Russian writer. Her long story "Otets" ("Father," 1974) is devoted to the fate of her father.
[Mark Kipnis /
The Shorter Jewish Encylopaedia in Russian]
"Gukovsky, Grigory Aleksandrovich." Encyclopaedia Judaica. . Encyclopedia.com. (April 18, 2019). https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/gukovsky-grigory-aleksandrovich
"Gukovsky, Grigory Aleksandrovich." Encyclopaedia Judaica. . Retrieved April 18, 2019 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/gukovsky-grigory-aleksandrovich
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.