Grünwald, Amram

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GRÜNWALD, AMRAM (d. 1870), Hungarian talmudist. Although he published no works he is extensively mentioned in the works of his contemporaries who referred difficult problems to him, e.g., Abraham S.B. Sofer in Ketav Sofer (oḤ, nos. 3, 94); Judah Aszod in Teshuvot Maharia, Pt. 2 (no. 236); David Neumann, in Nir le-David (nos. 105, 118). His ethical testament was published in the Keren le-David (1929) of his son Eliezer David Grünwald. Grünwald died in Csorna, Hungary.

[Naphtali Ben-Menahem]

His other son, MOSES (1853–1910), was a scholar and rabbi. He studied under Abraham Samuel *Sofer in Pressburg, but leaned to Hasidism and often visited R. Issachar Dov of *Belz. He served as rabbi in Homonna, Slovakia and Kisvarda, Hungary and from 1893 in Huszt, Carpatho-Russia, where he established one of the major Hungarian yeshivot. Grünwald wrote three works all with the title Arugot ha-Bosem: (1) responsa (1912); (2) a study of the talmudic principle of Issur Hal al Issur (more than one prohibition can apply to the same act; 1928); and (3) a commentary on the Pentateuch (1913). He also wrote Mikveh Tohorah on the laws of mikveh (1931). His will was published (1911) under the title Hakhanah de-Rabbah.

[Itzhak Alfassi]


P.Z. Schwartz, Shem ha-Gedolim me-EreẓHagar, 2 (1914), 256 no. 13; A. Stern, Meliẓei Esh al Ḥodshei Adar (1938), 77b (on Amram Grünwald). S.N. Gottlieb, Oholei Shem (1912), 234; P.Z. Schwartz, Shem ha-Gedolim me-Ereẓ Hagar, 2 (1914), 9a, no. 142 (on Moses b. Amram Grünwald).

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Grünwald, Amram

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