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GOMER (Heb. גֹּמֶר), the firstborn son of *Japheth; the father of Ashkenaz, Riphath, and Togarmah (Gen. 10:2–3; i Chron. 1:5–6); and the name of a nation (Ezek. 38:6). Gomer is nowadays identified with the Gi-mir-ra-a of the Assyrian sources who are the Κιμμέριοι of the Greek sources. This migratory people, who made their first historical appearance in Eastern Asia at the end of the eighth century b.c.e., shook Asia Minor with campaigns of conquest in the seventh century.

On Gomer, daughter of Diblaim, see *Hosea.


M.J. Mellink, in: idb, 2 (1962), 440 (incl. bibl.). add. bibliography: D. Baker, in: abd, 2, 1074; A. Birley and S. Hornblower, in: ocd (3rd ed.), 331.