FULDA, LUDWIG (1862–1939), German playwright. Born in Frankfurt, Fulda's early interest was the German baroque poets; he received his Ph.D. in Heidelberg with a dissertation on Christian Weise (1883) and this was followed by an edition Die Gegner der zweiten schlesischen Schule in the series of Kürschners National-Literatur (1883). Fulda then came under the influence of Sudermann's Naturalism in Berlin, became an Ibsen enthusiast, and in 1889 helped to found the Freie Buehne. During this period he wrote plays of a sociological nature, such as Das verlorene Paradies (1892) and Die Sklavin (1892), remarkable for their clever stage effects and insight into social problems, but lacking in great depth or style. Fulda's greatest success came with his change to a neo-romantic mood in Der Talisman (1892). This comedy on the theme of the fairy tale "The Emperor's New Clothes," was awarded the Schiller Prize, but its performance was banned by the kaiser. Die Zwillingsschwester (1901) displayed his talent for writing graceful verse. Fulda published translations of Molière's Meisterwerke (1892), Beaumarchais' Figaro (1897), Rostand's Cyrano de Bergerac (1898), Shakespeare's Sonnets (1913), Ibsen's poems and Peer Gynt (1916), and the Spanish dramatists' Meisterlustspiele der Spanier, 2 vols. (1925). In 1928 he was elected president of the Prussian Academy. He was dismissed after Hitler's rise to power and lived in retirement until the Nazis stripped him of his most prized possessions. He then committed suicide.
A. Klaar, Ludwig Fulda (1922). add. bibliography: B. Gajek, "Fulda, Ludwig," in: W. Killy (ed.), Literatur Lexikon, vol. 4 (1989), 64–65. H. Dauer, Ludwig Fulda. Erfolgsschriftsteller.Eine mentalitätsgeschichtlich orientierte Interpretation populärdramatischer Texte (1998).
[Samuel L. Sumberg]
"Fulda, Ludwig." Encyclopaedia Judaica. . Encyclopedia.com. (January 24, 2019). https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/fulda-ludwig
"Fulda, Ludwig." Encyclopaedia Judaica. . Retrieved January 24, 2019 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/fulda-ludwig
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.