FALL, LEO (1873–1925), composer. Born in Olomouc, Moravia, Fall, the son of a military bandmaster, was educated at the Vienna Conservatory and served as a theater conductor. His first three successful operettas, Der fidele Bauer (1907), Die Dollarprinzessin (1907), and Die geschiedene Frau (1908), placed him among the masters of the "second period of the operetta," with Franz Lehar and Oscar *Straus. His most popular works were Die Rose von Stambul (1916) and Madame Pompadour (1922). Fall's music was distinguished for its charm of melody and clever orchestration.