Skip to main content

Eylenburg, Issachar Baer ben Israel Leiser Parnas

EYLENBURG, ISSACHAR BAER BEN ISRAEL LEISER PARNAS

EYLENBURG, ISSACHAR BAER BEN ISRAEL LEISER PARNAS (1550–1623), talmudist. Eylenburg was born in Posen and studied under Mordecai *Jaffe, *Judah Loew b. Bezalel (the "Maharal") of Prague, and Joshua *Falk. He served as rabbi and av bet din of Gorizia, Italy. In his Be'er Sheva (Frankfurt, 1709), he attempts to provide tosafot for those tractates which do not possess them. His halakhic method is original. Taking the actual talmudic halakhah as the basis of his discussion, he adopts a critical attitude to the commentaries of such rishonim as Isaac *Alfasi, *Rashi, and *Maimonides, not hesitating to disagree with them or even to reject them. He is opposed to philosophy, condemning Maimonides and others who "arrogated to themselves the right to read the works of sectarians." The work follows to a considerable extent the method of Judah Loew b. Bezalel in halakhah. Eylenburg also wrote Ẓeidah la-Derekh (Prague, 1623), a supercommentary to Rashi's commentary on the Pentateuch, with glosses to other supercommentaries on Rashi, including that of Elijah *Mizraḥi. His halakhic work was highly regarded by the scholars of Safed, who invited him in 1621 to serve as rabbi of the Ashkenazi community of that city, in place of Moses Da *Castellazzo whom they wished to dismiss. Eylenburg declined the invitation, only to be invited again upon Castellazzo's death, when he accepted. He died in Austerlitz on his way to Safed.

bibliography:

Azulai, 1 (1852), 115, no. 427; Perles, in: mgwj, 14 (1865), 123; S.M. Chones, Toledot ha-Posekim (1910), 59, 93–95; Gottesdiener, in: Azkarah… Kook, 4 (1937), 344; M.A. Shulvas, Roma vi-Yrushalayim (1944), 96; Benayahu, in: Tarbiz, 29 (1959/60), 73.

[Isaac Ze'ev Kahane]

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Eylenburg, Issachar Baer ben Israel Leiser Parnas." Encyclopaedia Judaica. . Encyclopedia.com. 10 Dec. 2018 <https://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Eylenburg, Issachar Baer ben Israel Leiser Parnas." Encyclopaedia Judaica. . Encyclopedia.com. (December 10, 2018). https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/eylenburg-issachar-baer-ben-israel-leiser-parnas

"Eylenburg, Issachar Baer ben Israel Leiser Parnas." Encyclopaedia Judaica. . Retrieved December 10, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/eylenburg-issachar-baer-ben-israel-leiser-parnas

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.