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Doyle, James Warren


Irish bishop and patriot; b. near New Ross, County Wexford, Ireland, 1786; d. Carlow, Ireland, June 16, 1834. His parents were poor, but saw to his education through the college in New Ross run by the Augustinian Friars, an order which he then joined. He completed his studies at Coimbra, Portugal, where he had to endure severe temptations against faith while at the university. After his ordination (1809) he was assigned to teach logic at his old college in New Ross (180917), and was then appointed to the staff of Carlow College (181719). He became bishop of Kildare and Leighlin in 1819. As a bishop, Doyle actively identified himself with the cause of his oppressed coreligionists, and became a formidable antagonist of the Protestant archbishop of Dublin. He was a shrewd and powerful pamphleteer and opposed the Irish Establishment with vigor and persistence. On two occasions he was examined by Parliamentary committees on Irish affairs. He openly supported Daniel o'connell, and joined the Catholic Association in Clare. In pastoral matters, the bishop was an ideal prelate and did much to elevate the tone of religion in his area by providing public sermons and retreats, and also by introducing religious confraternities and temperance societies. He built schools, opened libraries, and spared no effort to improve the education of the people.

Bibliography: d. o'connell, Correspondence of Daniel O'Connell, ed. w. j. fitzpatrick, 2 v. (London 1888). w. j. fitzpatrick, The Life, Times, and Correspondence of Dr. Doyle, 2 v. (Dublin 1890). m. macdonagh, Bishop Doyle, "J. K. L." (London 1896).

[v. a. mcclelland]

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