DAWIDSOHN, JOSEPH (1880–1947), physician and Zionist leader in Poland. Born in Warsaw, he was a great-grandson of Ḥayyim *Dawidsohn. In 1913 he and Stefan Mendelson founded the first Jewish newspaper in Polish, Prezgląd Codzienny ("Daily Review"). Dawidsohn also published Nasz Kurier ("Our Courier") in 1917, and Nasze Słowo ("Our Word") in 1931. In 1908 Dawidsohn founded the Bri'ut ("Health") association to fight tuberculosis among Jews and was its chairman until 1932. He was a member of the Polish Senate from 1928 to 1931. A year later he left for Ereẓ Israel, where he worked with the Jewish Agency's Immigration Department as inspector of medical services. He was the author of Gminy żydowskie (1931), a work on Jewish communities in Poland.
Żydzi w Polsce odrodzonej, 2 (1932–33), 151–2, 160; eg, 1 (1953), 593; I. Gruenbaum, Penei ha-Dor (1958), 257–63. add. bibliography: J. Majchrowicz (ed.), Kto byl kim w drugiej Rzeczypospolitej (1994), 79.