Skip to main content

Calmet, Augustin (Antoine)

CALMET, AUGUSTIN (ANTOINE)

Exegete and historian; b. Ménil-la-Horgne (Meuse), France, Feb. 26, 1672; d. Senones, France, Oct. 25, 1757. After his early studies at Breuil and the University of Pontà-Mousson, he entered the Benedictine Abbey of Saint-Mansuy in Toul and was professed there, Oct. 23, 1689. He studied philosophy at Saint-Evre in Toul and theology at Munster in Alsace and was ordained, March 17, 1696. He became in turn professor at Moyen-Moutier (1698), subprior at Munster (1704), professor at Paris (1706), titular prior of Laye-Saint-Christophe (1716), abbot of Saint-Leopold in Nancy (1718), visitator of the Benedictine Congregation of St. Vanne and St. Hydulphe (1719), president of this congregation (1727), and abbot of Senones (1728).

Calmet was one of the best Catholic exegetes of the 18th century. He endeavored to adhere to the literal sense at a time when the influence of J. B. bossuet had made the spiritual and mystical interpretation of Scripture supreme. Yet his exegetical works are merely conscientious compilations and lack true critical judgment. These works include his Commentaire littéral sur tous les livres de l'Ancient et du Nouveau Testament (26 v. Paris 170716) and Dictionnaire historique de la Bible (Paris 1719). Of much greater value is his Histoire ecclésiastique et civile de la Lorraine (3 v. Nancy 1728).

Bibliography: p. schmitz, Dictionnaire d'histoire et de géographie ecclésiastiques 11:450453. p. auvray, Catholicisme 2:392393. p. volk, Lexikon für Theologie und Kirche (Freiburg 195765) 2:886. e. kusch, Die Religion in Geschichte und Gegen-wart 1:1587. j. e. mangenot, Dictionnaire de la Bible 2.1:7276. f. bechtel, The Catholic Encyclopedia 3:189.

[m. strange]

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Calmet, Augustin (Antoine)." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . Encyclopedia.com. 17 Nov. 2018 <https://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Calmet, Augustin (Antoine)." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . Encyclopedia.com. (November 17, 2018). https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/calmet-augustin-antoine

"Calmet, Augustin (Antoine)." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . Retrieved November 17, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/calmet-augustin-antoine

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.