BURLE-MARX, ROBERTO (1909–1994), Brazilian landscape designer. Born in São Paulo, Burle-Marx began his career as a painter. He turned to landscape gardening and joined the revolutionary group which introduced modern architecture into Brazil in the 1930s. Among his gardens are the Flamengo scheme for landscaping a million square yards of land reclaimed on the coastline of Rio de Janeiro, the botanical and zoological garden for Brazilia, and six patios for the UNESCO building in Paris. As a painter, his works gradually came to express the colors and shapes of the Brazilian landscape.