Skip to main content

Bouvet, Joachim

BOUVET, JOACHIM

Mathematician and missionary; b. Le Mans, France, July 18, 1656; d. Beijing, China, June 28, 1732. At the age of 17 he entered the Society of Jesus. One of six Jesuits selected by Louis XIV to further French influence in China by the advancement of religion and science, Bouvet arrived at Beijing on Feb. 7, 1688, where he was received and retained at court as royal mathematician by the Emperor Hsüan-Yeh. He made a visit to France from 1697 to 1699 to carry presents between emperor and king and to recruit more Jesuits for the mission. From 1708 to 1715, he prepared a geographical survey of China. His services to the emperor did much to facilitate the religious ministry of the Jesuits. He cooperated with four fellow missionaries to obtain from Hsüan-Yeh an official pronouncement that certain Chinese ceremonies in honor of Confucius and the dead were without religious significance. Besides his works on mathematics, he compiled a Chinese dictionary. His unpublished letters include correspondence with Leibniz. His most well-known work, Portrait historique de l'Empereur de Chine (Paris 1697), was subsequently translated into English, Dutch, German, Italian, and Latin, the last by Leibniz in 1699.

Bibliography: c. sommervogel, Bibliothèque de la Compagnie de Jésus (Brussels-Paris 18901932) 2:5458; 8:1896; 12:970. a. de bil, Dictionaire d'histoire et de géographie ecclésiastiques (Paris 1912) 10:275276. a. h. rowbotham, Missionary and Mandarin: The Jesuits at the Court of China (Berkeley 1942). c. cary-elwes, China and the Cross: A Survey of Missionary History (New York 1957). k. s. latourette, A History of Christian Missions in China (New York 1929).

[j. v. mentag]

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Bouvet, Joachim." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . Encyclopedia.com. 10 Dec. 2018 <https://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Bouvet, Joachim." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . Encyclopedia.com. (December 10, 2018). https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/bouvet-joachim

"Bouvet, Joachim." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . Retrieved December 10, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/bouvet-joachim

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.