Skip to main content

Boniface III, Pope

BONIFACE III, POPE

Pontificate: Feb. 19 to Nov. 10, 607. A Roman in the service of the Holy See as primus defensor, Boniface was appointedaposcrisiarius to the court of the Byzantine Emperor Phocas in 603 by gregory the great. Boniface was a more successful diplomat than sabinian, who had preceded him as apocrisarius as he was to precede him as pope, and he won the support of the imperial court for the papacy and obtained from Phocas a decree repeating the Novella (Corpus iuris civilis, Novellae 131.2.14) of Justinian, whereby the Roman pontiff was recognized as head of all churches. This pronouncement contradicted the title "ecumenical partiarch" then recently assumed by the Partriarch of Constantinople,john iv the Faster, and his successor, Cyriacusa title Pope Gregory had felt challenged the unity of the Church under the pope. The most noteworthy legislation of Boniface's short pontificate was the decree of a Roman council whereby anathema was pronounced on anyone who would propose the successor to a pope or bishop before the third day after his death.

Bibliography: Liber pontificalis, ed. l. duchesne (Paris 18861958) 1:316. Gregori Registrum epistolorum XIII, 41, ed. p. ewald and l. m. hartmann, Monumenta Germaniae Historica: Epistolae 12. c. j. von hefele, Histoire des conciles d'après les documents originaux (Paris 190738) 3.1:247. h. k. mann, The Lives of the Popes in the Early Middle Ages from 590 to 1304 (London 190232) 1.1:259267. Cambridge Medieval History 4.1:440. p. jaffÉ, Regesta pontificum romanorum ab condita ecclesia ad annum post Christum natum 1198 (Graz 1956) 1:220; 2:698. a. fliche and v. martin, eds., Histoire de l'église depuis les origines jusqu'à nos jours (Paris 1935) 5:71, 393. j. n. d. kelly, Oxford Dictionary of Popes (New York 1986) 68.

[p. j. mullins]

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Boniface III, Pope." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . Encyclopedia.com. 15 Nov. 2018 <https://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Boniface III, Pope." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . Encyclopedia.com. (November 15, 2018). https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/boniface-iii-pope

"Boniface III, Pope." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . Retrieved November 15, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/boniface-iii-pope

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.