Skip to main content

Bonifaz Nuño, Rubén (1923–)

Bonifaz Nuño, Rubén (1923–)

Rubén Bonifaz Nuño (b. 12 November 1923), Mexican writer. Born in Córdoba, Veracruz, Bonifaz Nuño received a law degree from the National University but has devoted himself primarily to literature, mostly poetry, since the publication of La muerte del ángel (The Death of the Angel) in 1945. He won a scholarship from the Centro Mexicano de Escritores for the 1951–1952 academic year. In 1953 he published Imágenes (Images), a collection of poems that combined classical Greek and Latin influences with Nahuatl. He turned even more fully to the indigenous world in Siete de espadas (Seven of Spades), published in 1966, followed by El ala del tigre (The Wing of the Tiger) in 1969. In 1974 he was awarded the National Literature Prize. He is also known for his translations of the Georgics by Virgil (1963) and the Eclogues by Dante (1965), as well as for his essays.

Critics have placed Bonifaz Nuño in the "generation of the 1950s" with Jaime Sabines, Rosario Castellanos, and Jaime García Terres. Whether he is addressing the themes of solitude, disillusionment, misery, immortality, or hopelessness, Bonifaz's poetry is defined by a preference for urban spaces, experimental innovations with traditional poetic forms, a unique mixture of high and popular cultures, and a profound belief in the power of language and poetry to unmask enigmas and reinvent the world. A member of El Colegio Nacional and the Mexican Language Academy, he also directed the Instituto de Investigaciones Filológicas at the National University.

See alsoLiterature: Spanish America .


Marco Antonio Campos, "La poesía de Rubén Bonifaz Nuño," in Klahn and Jesse Fernández, eds., Lugar de encuentro: Ensayos críticos sobre poesía mexicana actual (1987), pp. 59-65.

Frank Dauster, "Rubén Bonifaz Nuño: The Shadow of the Goddess," in his The Double Strand: Five Contemporary Mexican Poets (1987), pp. 103-133.

Additional Bibliography

Eudave, Cecilia. "La tradición clásica y la poesía de lo cotidiano en Rubén Bonifaz Nuno." Texto Crítico 1 (July-Dec 1995): 109-119.

Fick, Marlon L. The River Is Wide: Twenty Mexican Poets: A Bilingual Anthology = El río es ancho. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 2005.

Paz, Octavio. Poesía en movimiento: México 1915–1966. México: Siglo Ventiuno, 2000.

Reyes Coria, Bulmaro. Del poeta humanisto Rubén Bonfiaz Nuno. México, D.F.: El Colegio Nacional, 2005.

                                               Norma Klahn

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Bonifaz Nuño, Rubén (1923–)." Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture. . 25 Mar. 2019 <>.

"Bonifaz Nuño, Rubén (1923–)." Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture. . (March 25, 2019).

"Bonifaz Nuño, Rubén (1923–)." Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture. . Retrieved March 25, 2019 from

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

The Chicago Manual of Style

American Psychological Association

  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.