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BING , name of a number of Jewish families from the *Bingen community, which branched out in Germany, Lorraine, England, and the Netherlands. Bingen Jews are mentioned in *Frankfurt in the early and middle 15th century. Expulsions in the 16th and 17th centuries helped to disseminate the name in northeastern France and southwestern Germany; four families from Bingen settled in Frankfurt around 1530 and ten additional families named Bing settled there by the end of the 17th century. *Court Jews named Binge were active in *Hanau and elsewhere. In the late 18th century persons bearing the name were prominent in the community of *Metz. Abbé *Grégoire wrote (February 1789) to Isaiah *Beer-Bing of Nancy encouraging him to avail himself of the opportunity offered by the meeting of the General Estates "to take counsel with other members of your nation, in order to claim the rights and advantages due to citizens…." Prominent also were the physician solomon, born in Bingen (1615), a pupil of Joseph Solomon *Delmedigo; joseph, of Mons, who fought in 1786 for the abolition of the Jewish tax; abraham, renowned talmudist (b. 1752), Rabbi of Wuerzburg from 1798 to 1839; and albert (1844–1922), Austrian ear specialist. The Danish and English Bing families are not necessarily connected with them.


A. Dietz, Stammbuch der Frankfurter Juden (1907), 31–39; R.Z. Gruenfeld, Geschichte der Juden in Bingen (1905); R. Anchel, Napoléon et les Juifs (1928), index; ai, 5 (1844), 416–7; rej, 5 (1882), 148; 8 (1886), 211; C. Roth, The Great Synagogue London 16901940 (1950), 69, 193, 224, 267; P. Levy, Les noms des Israélites en France (1960), index; H. Schnee, Die Hoffinanz und der moderne Staat, 2 (1954), 279, 355–7; 4 (1960). add. bibliography: S. Loewengart, "Aus der Geschichte der Familie Bing," in: Buelletin des Leo Baeck Instituts, 59 (1981), 29–54.