Skip to main content

Bertrand, Pierre


Cardinal and canonist; b. Annonay (southern France), 1280; d. 1349. He was a canon of NotreDame du Puy in 1296 and dean in 1314; he taught canon law in Avignon, Montpellier (1307), and Paris (after 1312); and in 1312 he was also professor of Roman law in Orléans. From 1314 he was immersed in juridical or political activities, both at the Parlement of Paris (1315) and as a member of King Philip V's Council of State (1318); in 1320 he became chancellor of Queen Joan of Burgundy. When appointed bishop of Nevers in January of 1320, he refused the see, accepting instead that of Autun some four months later. In 1329 in the famous memorandum Super jurisdictione ecclesiastica et temporali, which is his only work to be printed (Paris 1495), he upheld the Church's jurisdiction at a royal consultative assembly at Vincennes. He was subsequently named archbishop of Bourges (1330). In 1331, at the request of the king and queen, he was made a cardinal. He was entrusted with various papal diplomatic missions. Although a fervent polemicist, he had a taste for erudite works and compiled in the manner of the period a Tabula super Decretum and a Scrinium iuris. As a canonist, he has left two important works: an Apparatus on the liber sextus and one on the clementinae. He also added a fourth part to the De origine jurisdictionum of durandus of saint-pourÇain, OP. His teaching is very informative on the Church's constitutional problems in the 14th century.

Bibliography: f. du chesne, Histoire de tous les cardinaux français, 2 v. (Paris 1660). o. martin, L'Assemblée de Vincennes de 1329 et ses conséquences (Paris 1909). m. dÉruelle, Dictionnaire de droit canonique, r. naz ed., 7 v. (Paris 193565) 2:789792. p. fournier, Histoire Littéraire de la France 37 (1938) 85120. a. van hove, Commentarium Lovaniense in Codicem iuris canonici 1, 5 v. (Mechlin 1928) 1:458, 462. a. m. stickler, Lexikon für Theologie und Kirche, j. hofer and k. rahner eds. (2d new ed. Freiburg, 195765) 8:351.

[p. legendre]

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Bertrand, Pierre." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . 19 Mar. 2019 <>.

"Bertrand, Pierre." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . (March 19, 2019).

"Bertrand, Pierre." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . Retrieved March 19, 2019 from

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

The Chicago Manual of Style

American Psychological Association

  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.