BEN-ARIEH, YEHOSHUA (1928– ), Israeli geographer specializing in historical and cultural geography and the Middle East. Considered one of the most important researchers of Ereẓ Israel and Jerusalem in the modern era, Ben-Arieh was born in Tel Aviv, and received his Ph.D. from the Hebrew University of Jerusalem in 1963. He began to lecture at the Hebrew University in 1965 and became a professor in 1979. From 1982 until 1985 he served as dean of the Faculty of Humanities. In 1997 he became rector of the Hebrew University. He was a research fellow at the University College of London and was visiting professor at the University of Maryland, Carleton University, and University College of London. In 1971 he received the Ben-Zvi Prize and in 1977 the Bialik Prize. In 1999 he was awarded the Israel Prize for geography. Among his books in English are Rediscovery of the Holy Land in the Nineteenth Century (1980), Jerusalem in the Nineteenth Century: The Old City (1985), and Jerusalem in the Nineteenth Century: Emergence of the New City (1987). Volumes edited include Jerusalem in the Mind of the Western World, 1800–1948 (1997) and Painting the Holy Land in the Nineteenth Century (1997).
[Shaked Gilboa (2nd ed.)]