Skip to main content

Bartholomites

BARTHOLOMITES

Armenian monks from Tarsus who sought refuge in Italy when their land was invaded by the Egyptian sultan in 1296. This first group landed in 1307 in Genoa, where the church of St. Bartholomew was built for them, hence the name Bartholomites. Others of these persecuted monks soon followed, establishing themselves in Parma, Siena, Florence, Bologna, and Milan. They observed the Rule of St. Basil and the armenian liturgy. Soon they abandoned their national traditions and adopted the Roman liturgy, the Rule of St. Augustine, and a habit similar to that of the Dominicans. Innocent VI approved this change in 1356 and confirmed the union of the monasteries, previously autonomous, into one congregation. Boniface IX granted the congregation the privileges of the Dominican Order but prohibited it from joining any other orders, excepting that of the Carthusians. Superior generals, formerly elected for life, were ordered by Sixtus IV to have three-year terms. For about two centuries this Armenian congregation flourished; then regular observance declined. Their membership decreased until many of their houses had to be closed. In the last half of the 17th century, Innocent X authorized members either to enter another religious order or to become secularized, assuring the latter of a pension. In 1650 he suppressed the congregation, putting its houses and revenues to new uses. The congregation had several renowned preachers, such as Cherubini Cerebelloni of Genoa and Paul Costa of Milan. Among its celebrated writers was Gregori Bitio, who wrote the history of the order. In their church of St. Bartholomew in Genoa the celebrated portrait of Christ, "The Holy Face of Edessa," is still preserved. The Armenian Bartholomites are not to be confused with the religious community of the same name founded in Bavaria in the 17th century by Bartholomew Holzhauser.

Bibliography: p. hÉlyot, Histoire des ordres monastiques, 8 v. (Paris 171419) 1:243248. m. van den oudenrijn, "Les Constitutions des Frères arméniens de S. Basile en Italie," Orientalia Christiania Anaectal 126 (1946) 7117; Lexikon für Theologie und Kirche, ed. j. hofer and k. rahner (Freiburg 195765) 2:16.

[c. lynch]

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Bartholomites." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . Encyclopedia.com. 19 Aug. 2018 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Bartholomites." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . Encyclopedia.com. (August 19, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/bartholomites

"Bartholomites." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . Retrieved August 19, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/bartholomites

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.