BART, LIONEL (1930–1999), playwright and composer. Born Lionel Begleiter in London, Bart first won success with the lyrics and music of Fings Ain't Wot They Used t'Be (1959), which had a two-year run. This was followed by other shows, including Blitz (1962) and Maggie May (1964). His greatest success, Oliver! (1960), was made into a motion picture in 1968. Oliver! became probably the most famous musical ever written by an English composer. Its depiction of Fagin is notable for its balance and humanity. Bart was unable to repeat his success in later works.
[William D. Rubinstein (2nd ed.)]