Skip to main content

Babad, Joseph ben Moses


BABAD, JOSEPH BEN MOSES (1800–1874/5), Polish rabbi and author. Little is known about him. His father was av bet din at Przeworsk. Babad served as rabbi at Bohorodezany, Zabariz, Sniatyn, and Tarnopol. Babad's best-known work is his Minḥat Ḥinnukh, consisting of expositions of the Sefer *ha-Ḥinnukh ("The Book of Education") ascribed to Aaron ha-Levi of Barcelona (1869, frequently republished; the 1952 edition containing 26 addenda (commentaries, novellae, notes, and emendations) to Sefer ha-Ḥinnukh and Minhat Ḥinnukh by various authors). The publisher, Reuben Kohen Rappaport, stated in the introduction that he had long tried to persuade the author to publish it, but in his modesty he had refused and finally agreed only after the theft of a manuscript containing his novellae on the Torah. As Babad himself states, the arrangement of his work is based on that of Sefer ha-Ḥinnukh. On each halakhah he quotes commentators and halakhic authorities. Minḥat Ḥinnukh together with Sefer ha-Ḥinnukh covers all the principles, laws, and customs concerning the commandments, from talmudic times to the aḥaronim. In his novellae and legal statements, Babad arrives at no final conclusion, but instead poses questions and problems, stimulating the reader to new ideas and further research. The many supplementary comments and novellae on Minḥat Ḥinnukh have created an entire literature around these two works.

There are extant two responsa addressed to Babad by his grandfather Joshua Hoeschel Babad, two from Joseph Joel Deutsch to Babad when he was av bet din at Zabariz and Sniatyn, and one responsum of Babad, dated 1850 (Koveẓ Teshuvot, Supplement to Minḥat Ḥinnukh (1952), 120ff.). His son Simeon Babad, who served as rabbi at Tarnopol until 1909, wrote glosses to Minḥat Ḥinnukh. He was succeeded in turn by his son Joshua Hoeschel who occupied the position until his death in 1919.


Z. Horowitz, Kitvei ha-Ge'onim (1928), 39; H. Tchernowitz, Toledot ha-Posekim, 2 (1947), 98, 105; J. Lewinstein, Dor va-Dor ve-Doreshav (19492), 77, no. 1544; B. Wachstein, Zur Bibliographie der Gedaechtnis- und Trauervortraege in der hebraeischen Literatur, 1 (1922), 24; 2 (1927), 20; EG, 3 (1955), 262–3; Sefer ha-Hashlamah le-Minḥat Ḥinnukh ha-Shalem, 2 (1952), end.

[Yehoshua Horowitz]

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Babad, Joseph ben Moses." Encyclopaedia Judaica. . 18 Feb. 2019 <>.

"Babad, Joseph ben Moses." Encyclopaedia Judaica. . (February 18, 2019).

"Babad, Joseph ben Moses." Encyclopaedia Judaica. . Retrieved February 18, 2019 from

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

The Chicago Manual of Style

American Psychological Association

  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.