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AVVIM (Heb. עַוִּים): (1) a people who dwelt in "villages near Gaza," and were conquered and displaced by the Caphtorim (Philistines; Deut. 2:23). The difficult verse Joshua 13:3 may indicate that they were still living in the Philistine region at the time of the Conquest. (2) The Avvim in ii Kings 17:31 were a group brought by the king of Assyria from their homeland Avva, perhaps the Elamite city Ama, and resettled in Samaria.


Aharoni, Land, 216; Speiser, in: aasor, 13 (1933), 30, n. 67. add. bibliography: M. Cogan and H. Tadmor, ii Kings (ab; 1998), 212; M. Weinfeld, Deuteronomy 1–11 (ab; 1991), 164; S. Ahituv, Joshua (1995), 212.

[Tikva S. Frymer]