Afghan political-literacy organization.
Awakened Youth was a political-literacy group formed in 1946 or 1947, in part as a reaction to the autocratic Afghan prime minister Shah Mahmoud. One of its founders was Muhammad Daud, a future prime minister and a member of the royal family. The party advocated social change and promoted the cause of Pushtunistan. Later it became more radicalized, and many members were arrested at the end of the Seventh Afghan National Assembly in 1952 when liberal laws allowing political activity expired.
see also daud, muhammad.
Arnold, Anthony. Afghanistan's Two-Party Communism: Parcham and Khalq. Stanford, CA: Hoover Institution Press, 1983.