Avé-Lallemant, Friedrich Christian Benedict°
AVÉ-LALLEMANT, FRIEDRICH CHRISTIAN BENEDICT°
AVÉ-LALLEMANT, FRIEDRICH CHRISTIAN BENEDICT ° (1809–1892), German criminologist and writer. Avé-Lallemant was a senior police official in Luebeck from 1843 to 1868 who studied the psychopathology of criminals and wrote novels about the underworld. In his studies of the language of the underworld, he had noted the large proportion of Yiddish words in the vocabulary, chiefly derived from Hebrew and Aramaic and therefore unintelligible to police and criminologists. He therefore included a translation and analysis of approximately 8,000 words and idiomatic expressions, an elucidation of 1,200 abbreviations, a basic Yiddish grammar, and illustrative texts. In 1889 the linguistic section was reprinted under the title Dolmetsch der Geheimsprache as a manual for court officials and was recommended for businessmen. The nonlinguistic sections were reprinted in 1914.
Rejzen, Leksikon, 1 (1926), 48–50; F. Avé-Lallemant, Das deutsche Gaunerthum (1914), v–xi (introd.); ndb, 1 (1953), 465; Algemeyne Entsiklopedye, 1 (1934), 175–6.
"Avé-Lallemant, Friedrich Christian Benedict°." Encyclopaedia Judaica. . Encyclopedia.com. (February 19, 2019). https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/ave-lallemant-friedrich-christian-benedictdeg
"Avé-Lallemant, Friedrich Christian Benedict°." Encyclopaedia Judaica. . Retrieved February 19, 2019 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/ave-lallemant-friedrich-christian-benedictdeg
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.