Avdimi (Avdimai, Avdima, Avudama, Dimi) of Haifa

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AVDIMI (Avdimai, Avdima, Avudama, Dimi) OF HAIFA

AVDIMI (Avdimai, Avdima, Avudama, Dimi) OF HAIFA (c. 400 c.e.), Palestinian amora. His teachers were *Levi b. Sisi and Resh Lakish (see *Simeon b. Lakish; tj, Ber. 2, 4, 4d; tj, Kil. 4, 4, 29b). He apparently possessed compilations of beraitot since he refers to "my Mishnah" (i.e., a collection of Mishnayot not included in that of Judah ha-Nasi; Tanḥ., Ẓav, 12; et al.). Several of his aggadic remarks have mystical content (Yal. Ps. 751; et al.). Avdimi is the author of a statement dealing with the proper respect to be shown to a nasi, an av bet din, and an ordinary scholar respectively (Kid. 33b). His sayings include: "From the day the Temple was destroyed prophecy was taken from the prophets and given to the wise" (bb 12a), and "Before a man eats and drinks he has two hearts [i.e., he is at odds with himself], but after he has eaten and drunk he has only one" (ibid., 12b). According to tradition, Avdimi was buried in Haifa, where his grave is venerated to this day.


Z. Vilnay, Maẓẓevot Kodesh be-Ereẓ Yisrael (1963), 378; Hyman, Toledot, 60–61; Bacher, Pal Amor.

[Yitzhak Dov Gilat]