Annibale, Giuseppe d'

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Cardinal, canonist, and moral theologian; b. Borbona (Aquila), Italy, Sept. 22, 1815; d. Rieti, July 18, 1892. Ordained at Rieti in 1839, he became professor of moral theology and Canon Law in the local seminary. Later he was named vicar-general of Rieti. In 1873 he published his commentary on the constitution Apostolicae Sedis, issued by Pius IX in 1869, abrogating, changing, and establishing a new list of censures. D'Annibale's commentary is renowned for its combination of conciseness and accuracy, and it won him the title Commentator Reatinus. Leo XIII named him titular bishop of Caristo Aug. 12, 1881, when he was appointed assessor of the Holy Office. And in 1889 Leo XIII created him a cardinal with the title of SS. Boniface and Alexis; he then became prefect of the Congregation of Indulgences. In addition to his commentary on the Apostolicae Sedis, he wrote a manual of moral theology, Summula theologiae moralis (3 v. Milan 188183).

Bibliography: p. de sanctis, Biografia del cardinale Giuseppe d'Annibale (Rome 1898). j. j. a'becket, The Catholic Encyclopedia 1:540541. a. beugnet, Dictionnaire de théologie catholique 1.2:1322. t. ortolan, Dictionnaire d'histoire et de géographie ecclésiastiques 3:390393. h. hurter, Nomenclator literarius theologiae catholicae 3 5.2:1797.

[p. f. mulhern]