ṭahāra

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Ṭahāra (Arab., ‘cleanliness’). Ritual purification in Islam. Purification is required before actions which are not lawful without ablutions—especially ṣalāt, circumambulation of the Kaʿba, touching the Qurʾān. Impurity is dealt with by wuduʾ and ghusl: see ABLUTIONS (Islam).