Skip to main content

Shah Waliullah

Shah Waliullah (1702–62). An Indian Islamic reformer, who was a Sunni and a leading Naqshbandī Sūfī. He lived at a time when the Indian Muslims were bitterly divided and were suffering a decline in political power. He wrote fifty-one major works in Arabic and Persian. His magnum opus, Hujjatullah-ul-Balaghah (covering Qurʾān, sharīʿa, tasawwuf, politics, and philosophy), is a restatement of Islam allowing rational and empirical arguments on a much broader basis than the traditional line. His vast influence can still be perceived in such reform movements as Jamaat-al-Islam, Tableeghi Jamaat, Iqbal's neo-modernism, the Ahl-al-Hadith, the Barelvi, and Deoband, all of which invoke Shah Waliullah's authority in support of their views.

Waliullah, an eminent Sūfī himself, also began the task of reforming Sufism which had declined extensively into a commercial exploitation of superstition.

On political and socio-economic matters, Waliullah upheld the principle of unity and toleration, condemning sectarianism and Sunni/Shīʿa polemics.

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Shah Waliullah." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions. . Encyclopedia.com. 17 Aug. 2018 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Shah Waliullah." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions. . Encyclopedia.com. (August 17, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/shah-waliullah

"Shah Waliullah." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions. . Retrieved August 17, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/shah-waliullah

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.