Skip to main content


Śāsanadevatā. Jain spiritual beings who serve the jinas but who also respond as gods, at a popular level, to the devotion and prayers of humans. Frequently they are Hindu deities, and thus have afforded a way in which not only the natural human desire for God is satisfied, but also respect for those deities is made manifest in a Hindu context. Of particular importance are Śri Lakṣmī, Sarasvatī, and Amba, the guardian of the jina Neminātha. Under the name of Sachika, Durgā, the slayer of Mahiṣa, is revered (mainly in Rājasthān). Yakṣadampati, pairs of attendant yakṣas and yakṣis, are often found in carvings without any further identity beyond that of the jina whom they serve.

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Śāsanadevatā." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions. . 19 Apr. 2019 <>.

"Śāsanadevatā." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions. . (April 19, 2019).

"Śāsanadevatā." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions. . Retrieved April 19, 2019 from

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

The Chicago Manual of Style

American Psychological Association

  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.