Rashīd Riḍā (d. 1933). A Syrian Muslim, supporter of reform and an influential Muslim scholar. He championed al-Afghānī and ʿAbduh's vision of a dynamic Islam. He saw the important need for modification of the existing sharīʿa: Islamic law had to face the realities of the modern world. In this matter Riḍā adopted a very controversial position. He refused to admit that the four recognized law schools, Mālikite, Hanafite, Shāfiʿite, and Hanbalite, were binding upon the modern ʾumma. Instead, Riḍā advocated that Islamic law be redrafted, based on the Qurʾān and sound ḥadīth, in accordance with the light of changing times.
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