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Noachide laws

Noachide laws. The seven laws believed by Jews to be obligatory for everyone. The Noachide laws are based on those given to Adam (Genesis 2. 16) and Noah (Gen.R. 34). They are prohibitions against idolatry, blasphemy, sexual sins, murder, theft, and eating from a living animal, as well as the injunction to formulate a legal system. According to the sages, a Jew is obliged to keep the whole Torah, while every gentile who keeps the Noachide laws is a ger-toshav (‘resident stranger’). Maimonides taught that such a ḥasid (righteous person) has a share in the world to come.

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