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Hemacandra (1089–1172). Śvetāmbara Jain monk of great learning, who came to be known as ‘the all-wise one of the degenerate age’. In 1108, he was made suri, teacher of a group of monks with authority to expound scripture and appoint a successor. From this moment, he became known as Hemacandra. His main surviving works recapitulate Jain history and principles, especially as exemplified in the past.

Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacarita (The Deeds of the Sixty-Three Eminent Men) has a last section on Mahāvīra which includes a kind of Jain utopia, in which the king will usually avoid prostitutes, and the queen will be chaste.

His Yogaśastra (Treatise on Yoga) takes yoga in a very broad sense and becomes a compendium on appropriate Jain behaviour.