1. The clan (Skt., gotra) to which the historical Buddha belonged. It is hence the name by which his non-Buddhist contemporaries refer to him, and a name used when distinguishing him from other Buddhas.
2. The founder of the Nyāya school of Hindu philosophy (darśana), and author of a law book (dharmaśāstra).
3. A Vedic ṛṣi, to whom the composition of one of the finest hymns in the Ṛg Veda (1.92) is attributed.
"Gotama." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions. . Encyclopedia.com. (March 17, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/gotama
"Gotama." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions. . Retrieved March 17, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/gotama