1. In a general sense it is the expression of the highest consciousness (samvid) as Śakti which is subtle, eternal, and pervades the whole universe, yet is also the centre of creation.
2. More specifically in Śāivism and Śaktism, bindu is a technical term for the material cause of pure creation (see KASHMIR ŚAIVISM). It is contrasted with māyā, the material cause of impure creation, though both must be regarded as two aspects of one reality which interpenetrate each other.
3. Bindu is equated with the anusvāra, the nasalized vowel in Sanskrit (ṃ) represented in devanāgarī as a dot with the letter. It has great symbolic significance in mantra as the absolute contracted to a point, the pure potential out of which the universe emanates and to which it returns.
4. Cosmic evolution (the macrocosm) is located within the body (the microcosm) in Tantrism. Thus bindu is located between the eyebrows as a drop which is the object of meditation. It is sometimes identified with Kuṇḍalinī, within which laya yoga is called bindu sādhana.
5. In its grossest sense, bindu is a synonym for semen, cosmic potential reduced to an individual level.
6. Bindu is depicted as the point in the centre of the Śrī yantra.
"Bindu." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions. . Encyclopedia.com. (May 25, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/bindu
"Bindu." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions. . Retrieved May 25, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/bindu
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.