Abū Dharr al-Ghifāri

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Abū Dharr al-Ghifāri (d. 652/3 CE (AH 31/2)). Close companion of the Prophet Muḥammad. The Prophet named him ‘the shining truth’ because of his unswerving belief in the oneness of Allāh.

Traditions state that his character bore great similarity to that of ʿIsa/Jesus. Abu Dharr held a ‘communistic’ interpretation of Islam, and was ultimately banished to the desert village of al-Rabadha. Thus ended a phase in the struggle between the idealists and the pragmatists in early Islam.