Abu Madyan, Shuʿaib b. al-ḥusain

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Abu Madyan, Shuʿaib b. al-Ḥusain (1126–98 (AH 520–94). Sūfī poet, teacher, and adept. Born in Spain, he settled in Biijayah (Bougie) in Algeria, where disciples gathered to him. He was recognized as the qutb al-Ghawth (the axis on whom the mystical support of the world turns), and he remains the spiritual guardian of Algeria.