Herbert Vaughan, 1832–1903, English churchman, cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church. Educated at Stonyhurst College and on the Continent, Vaughan was ordained in 1854 and joined the Oblate Fathers. He was vice president of the seminary at Ware and left there (1861) to go on a trip to America to raise money for foreign missions. The fruit of that labor is a college for foreign missionaries at Mill Hill near London. In 1871 he traveled to the United States to examine the spiritual state of the blacks, which had always concerned him. On his return Vaughan was made bishop of Salford, E Lancashire. When Cardinal Manning died, Vaughan succeeded him as archbishop of Westminster, the Catholic primate of England; in 1893 he was created cardinal. He improved the position of Roman Catholic schools in the archdiocese and the seminaries of England, and he cooperated widely with non-Catholics.
"Vaughan, Herbert." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. (February 20, 2019). https://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/vaughan-herbert
"Vaughan, Herbert." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Retrieved February 20, 2019 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/vaughan-herbert
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.