Ujung Pandang (üjŭng´ pändäng´), formerly Makasar (məkăs´ər), city (1990 pop. 944,685), SW Sulawesi, capital of Sulawesi Selatan prov., Indonesia. The largest city in Sulawesi, it is one of Indonesia's important seaports, a distribution and transshipment point for goods from Europe and Asia. Exports include coffee, teak, spices, copra, rubber, rattan, and gums and resins. The city is also a commercial center, with a large central market. Industries include the manufacture of cement and paper and the assembly of automobiles. Once a center of spice smuggling, Ujung Pandang was a thriving port when the Portuguese arrived (16th cent.). The Dutch supplanted the Portuguese, triumphing over the indigenous sultan in 1667. Ujung Pandang became a free port in 1848. It is the seat of several universities. In World War II, Makasar Strait (between Borneo and Sulawesi) was the scene of a Japanese naval defeat.
"Ujung Pandang." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. (June 17, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/ujung-pandang
"Ujung Pandang." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Retrieved June 17, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/ujung-pandang